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Our Contributions to the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development

Super Sites for Advancing Understanding of the Oceanic and Atmospheric Boundary Layers

“Super Sites for advancing understanding of the oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers”, led by Carol Anne Clayson (WHOI), envisions multi-year deployments of Super Sites that make state-of-the-art measurements characterizing the coupled ocean-atmosphere boundary layer variability in key regions of the climate system.

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A Global Network of Surface Platforms for the Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS)

“A global network of surface platforms for the Observing Air-Sea Interactions Strategy (OASIS)”, led by Jaime Palter (URI/GSO), envisions an integrated global network of drifters, moored buoys, drones, and research vessels and volunteer observing ships for measuring air-sea exchange processes that modulate the Earth’s weather, climate, ecosystems, and fate of marine debris.

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Southern Ocean Storms – Zephyr

The Southern Ocean Storms – Zephyr (SOS-Zephyr) team lead by Joellen Russel (University of Arizona) envisions a groundbreaking new NASA Earth Venture Mission that deploys an innovative scatterometer to provide the critical temporal sampling of high surface winds (> 20 m/s) to  quantify the evolving air/sea carbon flux, and improve wind curl estimates  to determine carbon supply from the deep ocean. In combination with  (OASIS), SOS-Zephyr will transform our understanding of the global carbon cycle by significantly reducing the large uncertainties in the Southern Ocean.

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Forecasting Changes to Ocean Biodiversity to Inform Decision-Making: A Critical Role for the Marine Biodiversity Observation Network (MBON)

“Forecasting Changes to Ocean Biodiversity to Inform Decision-Making: A Critical Role for the Marine Biodiversity Observation Network (MBON)”, led by Frank Muller-Karger (University of South Florida) seeks to collaborate in a transdisciplinary effort to 1) measure, monitor, and forecast changes in marine biodiversity, 2) understand natural and human-related causes including effects due to climate change, and 3) assess and predict how those changes affect ecosystem function and services over various spatial and temporal scales.

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Game-changing increase in air-sea CO2 observations

A “Game-changing increase in air-sea CO2 observations,” led by Adrienne Sutton (NOAA PMEL), proposes a demonstration project for incorporating basin-scale Uncrewed Surface Vehicles (USV) observing into the global surface ocean CO2 observing network, laying the groundwork for efforts to reduce ocean CO2 flux uncertainty.

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Butterfly: how the small-scale air-sea exchange of heat and moisture affects large-scale weather and climate

Butterfly: how the small-scale air-sea exchange of heat and moisture affects large-scale weather and climate,” led by Chelle Gentemann (Farallon Institute), proposes a project to determine the impacts of
small-scale air-sea exchanges could potentially improve forecast accuracy from days to a season by providing global measurements of the air-sea turbulent heat and moisture fluxes.

View the NASEM Ocean-Shot